STD 8 

Do the merchants from foreign countries seek permission to do such
trade in India in today’s times?INDIA-1797
Indla-1840 Indla-185 Lahore  Delhi Kathmandu Lucknow Benaras Vadodara Calcutta Hyderaba
Bay of Bangal Goa Mysore Madras British Rule Indian Ocean
1.5 The Expansion of the British Rule between 1757 C.E.and 1857 C.E.
By this time, the East India Company was in a race to earn more and more money. As
per the order passed in Bengal, only the Company availed the benefit of tax free
trading; however many officers who were engaged in private trade did not pay the
taxes as well. As a result, the income generated from the tax collection in Bengal
reduced which in turn was opposed by the Nawab of Bengal, Murshid Quli Khan. This
dispute kept on recurring even during the time of Ali Verdi Khan. After Ali Verdi Khan,
his son Siraj-ud-Daulah took charge. He got involved into a major battle with the British. Battle of Plassey Siraj-ud-Daulah became Nawab of Bengal in the year 1756.He had an overwhelming influence over the British. The British helped the competitors of Siraj-ud-Daulah by conspiring against him so that he would not remain on the throne of Bengal. There were frequent conflicts with the British merchants regarding payment of taxes. When the British merchants failed to pay taxes, which were applicable to both Indian and foreign merchants, the situation came to a boil. He ordered that the British should not fortify the factory, pay the taxes as per the rules and trade as per the terms and conditions. This provocation was enough for Siraj to opt for war, and he succeeded in expelling the 1.6 Siraj-Ud-Daulah British from Calcutta. The British counter-attacked under the leader  Robert Clive. Clive bribed Mir Jafar, the commander in chief of Siraj-ud-Daulah, with a promise to confer the throne of Bengal to him and convinced him to join their side. With his help, Robert Clive defeated and murdered Siraj-ud-Daulah in the Battle of Plassey. This was the first war fought by the Company in India which marked the beginning of the British rule in India.
                   Thus,this war is considered to be a turning point in the history of India.

Leave a Comment